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广东省揭阳市2017届高三第一次模拟考试英语试题

揭阳市2017年高中毕业班ope体育平台下载第一次模拟考试
英    语
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间120分钟。
第Ⅰ卷
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
For families on vacation, a playground provides a welcome break. It can also provide a glimpse into the local culture,from the setup of the park to the ways families interact.Here are the designs that live up to that challenge.
     Fruit and Scent Playground, Stockholm
    Is there a picky eater on a steady diet of chicken fingers and cheese? Perhaps a trip to Sweden’s Fruit and Scent Playground will change his or her culinary(烹饪的)tune. This playground features a banana slide,an orange seesaw,pear huts,a watermelon jungle gym and a pair of cherry swings,all designed by public artist Johan Ferner Strom. Now, who can say you can’t play with your food?
     Nishi Rokugo Park, Tokyo
     Located between central Tokyo and the city of Kawasaki, Nishi Rokugo combines recycled rubber tires(橡胶轮胎)with traditional playground equipment. In total, more than 3,000 tires of different sizes are used to create tunnels, bridges, tall sculptures for climbing and, of course, tire swings. There’s little shade, so you can visit here in the early morning or late afternoon for the most comfortable weather, and be sure to wear your play clothes.
     Bicentennial Children’s Park, Santiago, Chile
     Bicentennial Children’s playground in Metropolitan Park was built to celebrate 200 years of Chilean independence and improve the lives of Santiago citizens. Dozens of slides are built into the slope, creating a design completely complementary(互为补充的)of the surrounding landscape. Fountains offer some relief from the sun, and ample seating gives parents a place to relax.
21. What can be learned about Fruit and Scent Playground?   
 A. It is located in Tokyo, Japan.        B. Its design was led by some artists.
 C. It is aimed at balancing people’s diet.  D. Its facilities are modeled after fruits.
22. When visiting Nishi Rokugo Park, it is better to________.
 A. wear thick protective clothes        B. avoid moments when it’s hot
 C. take umbrellas and raincoats      D. watch out for the equipment
23. Why does the author recommend Bicentennial Children’s Park?
 A. It becomes part of the surroundings.        
B. It was built to improve people’s lives.
C. It amuses kids and helps parents get relaxed.
D. It provides slides for both children and adults.
B
In agrarian(农业 的), pre-industrial Europe,“you’d want to wake up early, start working with the sunrise, have a break to have the largest meal, and then you’d go back to work,”says Ken Albala, a professor of history at the University of the Pacific.“Later, at 5 or 6, you’d have a smaller supper.”
This comfortable c ycle, in which the rhythms of the day helped shape the rhythms of the meals, gave rise to the custom of the large midday meal, eaten with the extended family.“Meals are the foundation of the family,”says Carole Couniban, a professor at Millersville University in Pennsylvania, “so there was a very important interconnection between eating together and strengthening family ties.”
Since industrialization, maintaining such a slow cultural metabolism has been much harder, with the long midday meal shrinking to whatever could be stuffed into a lunch bucket or bought at a food stand. Certainly, there were benefits. Modern techniques for producing and shipping food led to great er variety and quantity, including a tremendous increase in the amount of animal protein and dairy products available, making us more energetic than our ancestors.
Yet plenty has been lost too, even in cultures that still live to eat. Take Italy. It’s no secret that the Mediterranean diet is healthy, but it was also a joy to prepare and eat. Italians, says Counihan, traditionally began the day with a small meal. The big meal came at around 1 p.m. In between the midday meal and a late, smaller dinner came a small snack. Today, when time zones have less and less meaning, there is little tolerance for offices’ closing for lunch, and worsening traffic in cities means workers can’t make it home and back fast enough anyway. So the formerly small supper after sundown becomes the big meal of the day, the only one at which the family has a chance to get together.“The evening meal carries the full burden that used to be spread over two meals,”says Counihan.
24. What does Professor Carole Counihan say about pre-industrial European families eating meals         together?
A. It was helpful to maintaining a nation’s tradition.
B. It brought family members closer to each other.
C. It was characteristic of the agrarian culture.
D. It enabled families to save a lot of money.
25. What does“cultural metabolism”(Line 1, Para. 3) refer to?
 A. Evolutionary adaptation.  B. Changes in lifestyle.   C. Social progress.  D. Pace of life.
26. What does the author think of the food people eat today?
 A. Its quality is usually guaranteed. 
 B. It is varied, abundant and nutritious.
 C. It is more costly than what our ancestors ate.
 D. Its production depends too much on technology.
27. What does the author say about Italians of the old days?
   A. They enjoyed cooking as well as eating.    B. They ate a big dinner late in the evening.
 C. They ate three meals regularly every day.   D. They were expert at cooking meals.
                                       C
You can tell a lot about people by looking at their hair – not just whether they brush, spray or blow-dry. Scientists have found a way to use hair to figure out where a person is from and where that person has been. The finding could help solve crimes, among other useful applications.
Water is central to the new technique. The liquid makes up more than half an adult human’s body weight. Our bodies break water down into hydrogen(氢) and oxygen. Atoms of these two elements end up in our tissues, fingernails, and hair.
But not all water is the same. Hydrogen and oxygen atoms can vary in how much they weigh. In the case of hydrogen, for example, there are three types according to their weights. Each type is called a hydrogen isotope(同位素). And depending on where you live, tap water contains different isotopes.
Can hair record this information? That’s what James R. Ehleringer, an environmental chemist at the University of Utah, wondered. To find it out, he and his colleagues collected hair from hair stylists in 65 cities across the United States. Even though people drink a lot of bottled water these days, the researchers have found that people’s hair has the same isotopes as found in local tap water. That’s probably because people usually cook their food with the local water.
Authorities can now use the information to analyze hair samples from criminals or crime victims and narrow their search for clues. For example, one hair sample used in Ehleringer’s study came from a man who had moved from San Francisco to Salt Lake City. As his hair grew, it reflected his change in location.
28. What do we know about the hydrogen isotopes according to Paragraph 3?
 A. They are classified by size.     B. Each type of them differs in weight.
 C. They can improve the quality of tap water.  D. Some of them cannot combine with oxygen.
29. Why is it possible to know where people are from by analyzing their hair?
 A. People use the same bottled water.
 B. People wash their hair in different ways.
 C. People’s hair is affected by the weather of the places they stay.
 D. People’ hair indicates the type of water in the places they stay.
30. The last paragraph is mainly to show _______.
 A. how to recognize criminals    B. how to collect hair samples
 C. the usefulness of hair analysis   D. the process of Ehleringer’s study
31. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?
 A. Water composition    B. Change your hair     C. Hair detectives  D. No way out
                                        D
The term “to extend an olive(橄榄) branch” means to make an offer of peace or reconciliation(和好). This term has Biblical(圣经的)origins, coming from the section of the Old Testament that deals with the flood; the sign that the flood is over is an olive branch brought back to the ark(方舟) by a dove. Olive branches were also symbols of peace in Ancient Greece and Rome, and they continue to be used in various works of art that are meant to suggest peace.
    Some people have suggested that the olive was a very deliberate and well-considered choice as a metaphor(比喻)for peace, because olive trees famously take years to mature. War is typically very hard on the trees because people cannot take the time to nurture them and plant new ones. Therefore, the offer of an olive branch would suggest that someone is tired of war, whether it is an actual war or a falling out between friends.
    In Ancient Greek and Roman times, people would offer actual olive branches. In Rome, for example, defeated armies traditionally carried olive branches to indicate that they were giving in, and the Greeks used them into weddings and other ceremonies. In the modern era, the branch is usually metaphorical, rather than actual, not least because the plants can be a bit difficult to obtain.
    Many people agree that peace negotiations at all levels of society are a good idea. Between nations, obviously, it is important to extend an olive branch to ensure mutual safety and to help the world run more smoothly. This act can also be important on a personal leve l, as resolving conflict and learning to get along with others is viewed as an important life skill in many cultures.
    At some point in their lives, many people will be advised to extend an olive branch to settle a dispute or resolve an issue. Some people believe that it takes an immense amount of courage to take this action, as it often comes with an admission of wrongdoing and regret.
32. According to the Bible, _________.
   A. an olive branch suggests flood is coming
B. the ark is made of olive tree wood
   C. an olive branch means flood is over
   D. a dove loves to settle on the olive branch
33. The olive is considered a good choice as a metaphor for peace for the following reasons EXCEPT  _______ .
 A. olive trees famously take years to mature
 B. olive branches make people tired of war
 C. war is typically very hard on the trees
 D. people cannot take the time to nurture them while at war
34. Why are actual olive branches seldom used in modern times?
 A. Olive trees are being protected now.
 B. Olive trees are planted only in certain countries.
 C. Olive trees can be far to seek.
 D. There is no need to use real olive branches.
35. It can be learned from the text that to extend an olive branch________.
 A. is not important on a personal level
 B. is only important between nations
 C. takes a lot of courage
 D. is an important life skill in many cultures

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
                        How to Manage Your Phone’s Data Use
Smart phones give you access to a wealth of information and media, but most networks put a limit on the amount of data you can use each month. A typical phone contract includes a data allowance of between 500MB and 10GB per month.    36    You see, your usage can mount up surprisingly quickly – watching a film on the phone is about 700MB in SD, an hour of streaming TV is around 500MB or 60-140MB for the same of radio, chatting on Skype for an hour is around 40MB.    37  
•If possible, wait  until you can  connect to free Wi-Fi before using your phone’s data features.
•When you are on the road, use your car’s GPS, not your phone, to find the way.   38    But maps are preloaded in a GPS, making this free to use.
•   39    Many of these are funded by ads that pop up on your screen. Every ad has to download through your network, using up your data allowance.
•If you regularly need to use a lot of data on your pho ne, consider a data-compressing(压缩) app, such as Onavo(www.onavo.com).   40    So you use less of your monthly allowance. You may have to subscribe to such compression services, so you’ll need to weigh up whether it’s worth the cost.
A. The more data, the higher the monthly cost.
B. Remember to use free Wi-Fi anywhere you go.
C. Try these tips to better manage your data use.
D. It compresses data before it is fed to your phone.
E. But you might end up paying more than expected.
F. The phone has to download map data as you move.
G. Be careful of how many “free” games you play on the phone.
第三部分   英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
 I had been staring at the white walls of the video game store for about 2 hours since lunch. It was a very    41    day. I glanced at the table in front of the store, and my heart    42   . It was the donation table for the victims of Typhoon Yolanda and even though I had donated what I could, I    43    felt sad whenever I saw the people on the TV suffering.
I was broken out of my    44    when the doors got open. Customers,    45    !
She was a small girl about 10 or 11. Her mother was accompanying her with a few plastic bags. I    46    her mom. When I was selling cigarettes on the street, I saw her selling clothes she    47   herself at the market.
The daughter just had a    48    and her mom finally had    49    money to buy a PS3 and some games.
The girl half-jogged, half-skipped to my counter. She    50    her backpack and pulled out a console(操纵板). Her mom handed me the bag full of games.
“Can I    51    this?”
“Sure sweetie, no problem.”
I inspected the console and the games, and nothing was opened. According to our    52    , I returned the    53    to the mom. She handed it to the girl. And the girl ran off as fast as her little feet could take her. I was about to ask when the mom, seeing my    54    , explained, “She wants to sell her birthday    55    , so she can donate to the    56   .”
She was    57    to give up what was supposed to be hers and gave to those    58    . That's real generosity out there.
   59    I was watching her talking to the girl at the donations table, I was reminded that even though there are a lot of    60    people in the world, there are still those people just like that little girl.
41. A. good   B. cold    C. warm    D. slow
42. A. beat   B. ached    C. ran    D. sank
43. A. almost   B. also    C. still    D. never
44. A. moods   B. dreams   C. pains    D. thoughts
45. A. firstly   B. finally    C. quickly   D. excitedly
46. A. greeted   B. found    C. recognized   D. told
47. A. wore   B. made    C. washed   D. bought
48. A. date   B. job    C. birthday   D. disease
49. A. enough   B. little    C. easy    D.  big
50. A. carried   B. opened   C. sold    D. left
51. A. buy   B. change    C. return    D. donate
52. A. plan   B. decision   C. discussion   D. regulation
53. A. money   B. backpack   C. games    D. receipt
54. A. smile   B. expression   C. unhappiness  D. difficulty
55. A. card   B. cake    C. surprise   D. gift
56. A. victims   B. workers   C. charities   D. typhoons
57. A. grateful   B. willing   C. unhappy   D. afraid
58. A. poor   B. unfortunate   C. in danger   D. in need
59. A. Since   B. Until    C. While    D. Although
60. A. selfish   B. unlucky   C. poor    D. rich

第II卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Of the three major drinks of the world—tea, coffee and cocoa—tea is consumed by the
   61   (large) number of people.
    China is the homeland of tea. Human cultivation of tea plants dates back to two thousand years ago. Tea from China, along   62   her silk and porcelain, began to be known to the world more than a thousand years ago and since then it    63   (be) an important Chinese export.
    At present more than forty countries in the world grow tea with Asian countries,   64   (produce) 90% of the world’s total output. All tea trees in other countries have their origin directly or indirectly in China. The word for tea leaves or tea as    65   drink in many countries are derivatives(衍生物)from the Chinese character “cha”. The Russians call it “cha’i”,    66   sounds like “chaye”(tea leaves) as it is pronounced in northern China, and the English word “tea” sounds similar to the pronunciation of   67   (it) counterpart(对应物) in Xiamen. The Japanese character for tea is written    68   (exact) the same as it is in Chinese, though    69   (pronounce) with a slight difference. The habit of tea drinking spread to Japan in the 6th century, but it was not introduced to Europe and America till the 17th and 18th centuries. Now the number of tea   70   (drink) in the world is still on the increase.
第四部分   写作 (共两节,满分 35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10 分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删减:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
        2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
     Last Friday, our school organized us to a fire station, what we had expected for several day. When we got there, the fire-fighters welcomed us but led us into an exhibition hall. There one of them delivered the lecture on fire control to us. After that, they show us how to operate a fire extinguisher, and even gave our chances to practise using it. Now, I dare say I can use it skillful! On our way home, we couldn’t help to talking about what we had experienced. We felt very happy and excited because we had gained so many knowledge about fire control and known what to do an emergency.
第二节   书面表达 (满分25分) 
假如你是李华,你的英国朋友Edward正在学习汉语,希望你推荐一个适合他学习汉语的网站。请你根据以下内容,给他回复邮件。
    推荐网站:www.edchinese.com
    网站内容:
    1. 网络课程:中文情景对话、中国风俗、成语;
    2. 其它:中文电影、中文歌曲、唐诗等;
3. 有在线教师答疑解惑。
费用:全部免费
注意: 1. 词数100左右;
   2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


揭阳市2017年高中毕业班ope体育平台下载第一次模拟考试
英语科参考答案
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
21-23 DBC  24-27 BDBA   28-31 BDCC  32-35 CBCC  36-40 ACFGD
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20 小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41-45 DBCDB 46-50 CBCAB  51-55 CDABD 56-60 ABDCA
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61. largest      62.with       63. has been       64. producing     65. a
66. which      67.its      68. exactly     69. pronounced      70. drinkers
第四部分 写作(共两节  满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    Last Friday, our school organized us to a fire station, what(which) we had expected for several day(days). When we got there, the fire-fighters welcomed us but(and) led us into an exhibition hall. There one of them delivered the (a) lecture on fire control to us. After that, they show(showed) us how to operate a fire extinguisher, and even gave our(us) chances to practise using it. Now, I dare say I can use it skillful(skillfully)! On our way home, we couldn’t help to(去掉to) talking about what we had experienced. We felt very happy and excited because we had gained so many(much) knowledge about fire control and known what to do (加上in) an emergency.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
Dear Edward,
    I’m more than pleased to know that you are learning Chinese. I’d like to recommend www.edchinese.com to you. It’s a good website for non-Chinese speakers who are learning Chinese, especially for beginners.
    Firstly, it provides you with a variety of online courses, such as Chinese idioms, dialogues and customs. Through these courses, you will have a good understanding of the Chinese language as well as its culture. Besides, it will help you learn Chinese in interesting and effective ways. Here you can learn to sing some Chinese songs, enjoy Tang poems and watch Chinese movies. More importantly, there are teachers online whom you can turn to for help. And all this is free of charge.
    I hope you will find this website attractive and helpful.
    Wish you a happy learning time!
Yours,
Li Hua

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